Authors and References


M. Charles Gould, Extension Educator-Agricultural Bioenergy & Bioproducts and On-farm Energy Efficiency, Agriculture and Agribusiness Institute, Michigan State University

Peter Taglia, Peter Taglia Energy and Environmental Consulting, LLC


Peer Reviewers: 

Norma McDonald, North America Sales Manager, Organic Waste Systems, Inc.

Steven I. Safferman, Associate Professor, Department of Biosystems & Agricultural
Engineering, Michigan State University

Sections of this module benefited from comments by David Panofsky, Division of Air and Waste, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Unit 1.1

AgSTAR, 2012. Operating Anaerobic Digester Projects. Available at:  verified 08/09/2012.


Energy Center of Wisconsin. Biogas Casebooks. Available at:  verified 08/09/2012.


M.C. Gould, M.C Crook, M.F. 2010. Michigan On-farm Anaerobic Digester Operator Handbook. Michigan State University Extension, East Lansing, MI.


International Energy Agency, 2011. IEA Bioenergy Task 37: Biogas Production and Utilisation: Country Reports of Member Countries, Istanbul, April. International Energy Agency. Available at:   verified 08/09/2012.


International Energy Agency, 2005. IEA Bioenergy. Task 37: Biogas Production and Utilisation. May. Available at:  verified 08/16/2012.


P. Lusk. 1998. Methane Recovery from Animal Manures: A Current Opportunities Casebook. Third Edition. NREL/SR-25145. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Work performed by Resource Development Associates, Washington, DC. Available at: (summary)
or (complete document).  verified: 08/15/2012


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2011. Combined Heat and Power Partnership. Opportunities for Combined Heat and Power at Wastewater Treatment Facilities: Market Analysis and Lessons from the Field. October. Available at:  verified 08/09/2012.


Unit 1.2

AgSTAR. 2010. Anaerobic Digestion Capital Costs for Dairy Farms. May. Available at:  verified 08/09/2012.


J. Kramer. 2009. Wisconsin Agricultural Biogas Casebook. Prepared for Focus on Energy. December. Available at:  verified 08/09/2012.


J. Kramer. 2011. Great Lakes Region Food Industry Biogas Casebook. Prepared for Energy Center of Wisconsin. March. Available at:  verified 08/09/2012.


J. Welch. 2010. Community Manure Digester Dane County. Presentation given at the EPA Ag-STAR Conference, April 28. Available at:   verified 08/16/2012.


Unit 1.3

Anaerobic 2012. Anaerobic Digestion Flow Chart. Available at:  verified 08/14/2012.


M.C. Gould, Crook, M.F. 2010. Michigan On-Farm Anaerobic Digester Operator Handbook. Michigan State University Extension.


United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. Case Study Primer for Participant Discussion: Biodigesters and Biogas. Available at:  verified: 8/15/2012.



P. Westerman, Veal M., Cheng, J., Zering, K. 2008. Biogas Anaerobic Digester Considerations for Swine Farms in North Carolina. North Carolina Cooperative Extension. Available at:  verified 8/15/2012.


JL Walsh,Ross, C.C., Smith, M.S., Harper, S.R., Wilkins, W.A. 1988. Handbook on Biogas Utilization. Georgia Tech Research institute, Georgia institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332. Available at:   verified 8/15/2012.


Unit 1.4

A. Baldwin, Katers, J. 2008. Performance Analysis of Anaerobic Digestion Systems At Two Dairy Farms in Northeastern Wisconsin. Research conducted at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay for Focus on Energy. Available at:  verified 8/15/2012.


D. Grande. 2010. Report on Wisconsin’s Livestock Fenceline Ammonia and Hydrogen Sulfide Monitoring Project. Research conducted by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Available at:  verified 08/14/2012.


Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium. 2007. Interim White Paper, Agricultural Emissions of Ammonia. Available at:  verified 08/14/2012.


J. MacDonald, O’Donoghue, E., McBride, W., Nehring, R, Sandretto, C., Mosheim, R. 2007. Profits, Costs, and the Changing Structure of Dairy Farming. USDA Economic Research Service. Economic Research Report no. (ERR-47). September. Available at:  verified 08/14/2012.


E. Odger, Struss, S. 2009. Final Report on Wisconsin’s Dairy and Livestock Odor and Air Emission Project. Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, Madison, WI. Available at  verified 08/14/2012.


R.W. Pinder, Anderson, N., Strader R., Davidson, C., Adams, P. 2003. Ammonia Emissions from Dairy Farms: Development of a Farm Model and Estimation of Emissions from the United States. Presented at the 12th International Emission Inventory Conference “Emission Inventories – Applying New Technologies”. Available at:  verified 08/14/2012.


P. Taglia. 2010. Rethinking Biogas: An Emerging Energy Source in the Midwest. Produced by Clean Wisconsin. Available at:  verified 08/14/2012.


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2011. Protocol for Quantifying and Reporting the Performance of Anaerobic Digestion Systems for Livestock Manures. Prepared by Eastern Research Group, Inc., Lexington, Mass. Available at:  verified 08/14/2012.


A.C. Wilkie. 2000. Anaerobic Digestion: Holistic Bioprocessing of Animal Manures. In: Proceedings of the Animal Residuals Management Conference, p.1-12. Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, Virginia.

Gould, M.C., P. Taglia. 2012. Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion. Module 1 in S. Lezberg, M.C. Gould and M. Jungwirth (eds.). Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion Course. On-line Curriculum. Bioenergy Training Center.


Gould, M.C., P. Taglia. 2012. Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion. Module 1 in S. Lezberg, M.C. Gould and M. Jungwirth (eds.). Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion Course. On-line Curriculum.