Authors and References

M. Charles Gould, Extension Educator-Agricultural Bioenergy & Bioproducts and On-farm Energy Efficiency, Agriculture and Agribusiness Institute, Michigan State University

Peer Reviewers: 

David S. Liebl, Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center,
University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension

Jennifer L. Pronto, Biological and Environmental Engineering,
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University
Unit 2.1

[1] M.A. Moser. 1998. Anaerobic Digesters Control Odors, Reduce Pathogens, Improve Nutrient Manageability, Can be Cost Competitive with Lagoons, and Provide Energy Too! Resource Conservation Management, Inc., Berkeley, CA 94704. Available at:  verified 08/16/12

M.C Gould, Crook M.F. 2010. Michigan On-farm Anaerobic Digester Operator Handbook. Michigan State University Extension, East Lansing, MI.

P.L. McCarty. 1982. Anaerobic Digestion. Eds. Hughes, D.E. et al. 3-22. Elsevier Biomedical Press, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.

Unit 2.2

[2] D. Kirk, Faivor L. 2012. Feedstocks for Biogas. Available at:  verified 08/16/12

[3] L.J. Fry. 1973. Methane Digesters for Fuel Gas and Fertilizer. Newsletter No. 3, Spring 1973.  The New Alchemy Institute, Box 432, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543. Available at:  verified 9/17/12

Unit 2.3

[4] C. Fulhage, Sievers D., Fischer J. 1993. Generating Methane Gas from Manure, fact sheet G1881, University of Missouri Extension, Columbia, MO. Available at:

Unit 2.4

[5] A. C. Schlicht. 1999. Digester Mixing Systems: Can You Properly Mix With Too Little Power? Available at:  verified 08/16/12

[6] S. Kish. 2009. Making On-farm Waste Digestion Work. USDA CSREES NRI Report.

W. Kossman, Pönitz, U. (Undated). Biogas Digest Volume II: Biogas – Application and Product Development. Information and Advisory Service on Appropriate Technology, Eschborn

Federal Republic of Germany. Available at:   verified 9/17/12

[7] Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. 2004. Digester Operator Training Handbook. Lansing, Mich.

Unit 2.5

[8] U. Marchaim. 1992. Biogas Process For Sustainable Development. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 95. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations.

Gould, M.C. 2012. Factors that Affect Manure Digestion. Module 2 in S. Lezberg, M.C. Gould and M. Jungwirth (eds.). Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion Course. On-line Curriculum. Bioenergy Training Center.