Authors and References

William F. Lazarus, Extension Economist, University of Minnesota

Peer Reviewers: 

M. Charles Gould, Extension Educator, Agriculture and Agribusiness Institute, Michigan State University

David S. Liebl, Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center, University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension


Bilek, Amanda. September 2010 Germany Biogas Delegation Trip Summary.  9/2010.

Cooperative Research Network, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Renewable Energy & Distributed Generation (web page), Accessed January 8, 2007.

Cornell Waste Management Institute. Using Manure Solids as Bedding: Literature Review.  12/2006.

Fibrowatt LLC. Fibrowatt:  Power from Poultry Litter.  10/12/2007.

Gooch, C. A. and Pronto, J. L., 2009. “Capitalizing on Energy Opportunities on New York Dairy Farms,” presented at Dairy Power Summit, Syracuse, NY.

McDonald, Norma. Powering Dairy Trucks with Digester Biogas at Hilarides Dairy in California. 2009 AgSTAR National Conference.  2/24/2009-2/25/2009.

Mezei, Sean. Options for Upgrading Digester Biogas to Pipeline Quality. Fifth AgSTAR National Conference.  4/27/2010-4/28/2010.

Mitariten, Michael. Three Dairy Digester Pipeline Upgrade Projects Using PSA Adsorption Process. 2009 AgSTAR National Conference.  2/24/2009-2/25/2009.

Reindl, J. Stinking Manure Rain. 12/18/2007.

Saber, Diane. Biomethane from Dairy Waste Conversion: Guidance for Introduction to Natural Gas Networks. 2009 AgSTAR National Conference.  2/24/2009-2/25/2009.

Sean Mezei. Project Overview for AgSTAR. 2009 AgSTAR National Conference.  2/24/2009-2/25/2009.

University of Minnesota, Center for Farm Financial Management. Undated. FINPACK Farm Financial Database. Web page available at

U.S. AgSTAR. Guide to Operational Systems.   4/30/2010.

U.S. AgSTAR. 2010. Anaerobic Digestion Capital Costs for Dairy Farms. Available at:

U.S. Department of Energy, 2007. The Potential Benefits Of Distributed Generation And Rate-Related Issues That May Impede Their Expansion:  A Study Pursuant To Section 1817 Of The Energy Policy Act Of 2005.

Lazarus, W.F. 2012. Economics of On-Farm Anaerobic Digesters. Module 5 in S. Lezberg, M.C. Gould and M. Jungwirth (eds.). Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion Course. On-line Curriculum. Bioenergy Training Center.