Authors and References

Authors:

Scott Sanford, Senior Outreach Specialist – Rural Energy, University of Wisconsin-Madison

William Kranz, Extension Irrigation Specialist, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

 Peer Reviewers:

Thomas Scherer, Extension Agricultural Engineer, North Dakota State University.

Christopher Hay, Extension Water Management Engineer, South Dakota State University.

 

References

Unit 2.4.1
1. National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). 2008. Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey. Available at:
http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Online_Highlights/Farm_and_Ranch_Irrigation_Survey/index.asp
verified 12/2012

Unit 2.4.2
2. T. Scherer. 2010. Selecting a Sprinkler Irrigation System, AE-91, North Dakota State University. Available at:
http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/pubs/ageng/irrigate/ae91.pdf
verified 12/2012

3. J.G. Thomas. 2010. Irrigation System Selection, Publication 1508, Mississippi State University Extension. Available at:
http://msucares.com/pubs/publications/p1508.htm
verified 12/2012

Unit 2.4.3
4. C. Shock. Flock, R., Eldredge, E., Pereira, A., Jensen, L. 2006. Successful Potato Irrigation Scheduling, Oregon State University Extension, Bulletin EM 8911-E. Available at:
http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/pdf/em/em8911-e.pdf
verified 12/2012

5. Purdue University, Michigan State University. 2009. Irrigation Scheduling Software, Available at:
http://www.agry.purdue.edu/irrigation/
verified 12/2012

6. S.R. Melvin, Yonts, C.D. 2009. Irrigation Scheduling: Checkbook Method, Bulletin EC709, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension. Available at: http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/ec709/build/ec709.pdf
verified 12/2012

7. E. Hellman. 2004. Irrigation Scheduling of Grapevines with Evapotranspiration Data, Texas A & M University Extension. Available at: http://winegrapes.tamu.edu/grow/irrigationscheduling.pdf
verified 12/2012

8. British Columbia – Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. 2004. Trickle irrigation Scheduling using ET data. Available at: http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/resmgmt/publist/500Series/577100-4.pdf
verified 12/2012

9. S. Irmak, Odhiambo, L. O., Kranz, W.L., Eisenhauer, D.E. 2011. Irrigation Efficiency and Uniformity, and Crop Water Use Efficiency, University of Nebraska Extension, Bulletin EC732. Available at:
http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/ec732/build/ec732.pdf
verified 12/2012

M. Alam, Rogers, D.H. 1997. Tensiometer Use in Scheduling Irrigation, Bulletin L-796, Kansas State University Extension. Available at: http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/ec732/build/ec732.pdf
verified 12/2012

M. Alam, M., Rogers, D.H. 2001. Scheduling Irrigations by Electrical Resistance Blocks, Bulletin L-901, Kansas State University Extension. Available at: http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/mil/Resources/Irrigation%20Management/L901.pdf
verified 12/2012

British Columbia – Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. 2006. Irrigation Scheduling with Tensiometers, Bulletin 577.100-2. Available at: http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/resmgmt/publist/500Series/577100-2.pdf
verified 12/2012

E. C. Martin. 2009. Methods of Measuring for Irrigation Scheduling-WHEN, Bulletin AZ1220, Arizona Cooperative Extension. Available at:
http://ag.arizona.edu/pubs/water/az1220.pdf
verified 12/2012

M. Morris. 2006. Soil Moisture Monitoring: Low-cost Tools and Methods, Bulletin IP277, ATTRA. Available at:
https://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub/summaries/summary.php?pub=111
verified 12/2012

Soil Moisture Equipment Corp. Types of Soil Water Content Sensors. Available at:
http://www.sowacs.com/sensors/index.html
verified 12/2012

J. Wright. 2010. Irrigation Scheduling Checkbook Method Tutorial, University of Minnesota Extension. Available at:
http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/cropsystems/DC1322.html
verified 12/2012

Unit 2.4.4
B. Kranz, Yonts, D., Martin, D. 2005. Operation Characteristics of Center Pivot Sprinklers, G1532, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension. Available at: http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/g1532/build/g1532.pdf
verified 12/2012

W.L. Kranz, Irmak, S., Martin, D.L., Yonts, C.D. 2007. Converting Center Pivot Sprinkler Packages: System
Considerations, G1124, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension. Available at:
http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/g1124/build/g1124.pdf
verified 12/2012

D.H. Rogers, Sothers, W.M. 1994. Consideration for Sprinkler Packages on Center Pivots, L-908, Kansas State
Cooperative Extension. Available at:
http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/mil/Resources/Center%20Pivot/l908.pdf
verified 12/2012

D.H. Rogers, Spurgeon, W., Sothers, W. 1994. Sprinkler Package Effects on Runoff – General Guidelines, L-903, Kansas State Cooperative Extension. Available at: http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/mil/Resources/Center%20Pivot/l903.pdf
verified 12/2012

USDA. VFD Calculator Developed by USDA. Available at:
http://www.bpa.gov/energy/n/pdf/VFD_Calculator_USDA_070210.xls verified 12/2012
(Requires a spreadsheet program to open file type .xls)   verified 12/2012

Unit 2.4.5
S. Irmak, Odhiambo, L.O., Kranz, W.L., Eisenhauer, D.E. 2011. Irrigation efficiency and uniformity, and crop water use
efficiency. EC732, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension. Available at:
http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/ec732/build/ec732.pdf
verified 12/2012

S.A. Sanford. 2012. Uniformity of water distribution testing procedure, University of Wisconsin. Available at:
http://www.uwex.edu/energy/irrigation.html (Online PDF)
verified 12/2012

S.A. Sanford. Spreadsheet for calculating Coefficient of Uniformity, University of Wisconsin. Available at:
http://www.uwex.edu/energy/pubs/CPUniformityProgram_704.xls
(Requires a spreadsheet program to open file type .xls) verified 12/2012

T.F. Scherer, et al. 1999. Sprinkler Irrigation Systems, MWPS-30, Midwest Plan Service, Iowa State University.
Available at:
http://www.mwps.org/
verified 12/2012

Unit 2.4.6
D.H. Rogers, Alam,M. 1999. Comparing Irrigation Energy Costs, Bulletin MF-2360, Kansas State University Extension. Available at: http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/mil/Resources/Pumping%20Plants/mf2360.pdf
verified 12/2012

D.H. Rogers, Black, R.D. 1993. Evaluating Pumping Plant Efficiency – Using On-Farm Fuel Bills, Bulletin L-885, Kansas State University Extension. Available at: http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/mil/Resources/Pumping%20Plants/l885.pdf
verified 12/2012

D.L. Martin, Dorn, T.W., Melvin, S.R., Corr, A.J., Kranz, W.L. 2011. Evaluating Energy Use for Pumping Irrigation Water, 23rd Annual Central Plains Irrigation Conference. Available at: http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/irrigate/OOW/P11/Kranz11a.pdf
verified 12/2012

USDA-NRCS. 2009. Water Quality Enhancement Activity – WQT03 – Irrigation Pumping Plant Evaluation. Includes a worksheet for collecting and analyzing pumping efficiency. Available at:
http://efotg.sc.egov.usda.gov/references/public/NE/WQT03_Irrigation_Pumping_Plant_Evaluation_NEBRASKA.pdf
verified 12/2012

USDA. 1997. Irrigation Pumping Plants. National Engineering Handbook: Irrigation Guide, USDA, Section 15, Chapter 8. Available at: ftp://ftp.wcc.nrcs.usda.gov/wntsc/waterMgt/irrigation/NEH15/ch8.pdf
verified 12/2012

Unit 2.4.7
R. Evans, Sneed, R.E., Hunt, J.H. 1996. Pumping Plant Performance Evaluation, Pub No. AG 452-6, North Carolina Cooperative Extension. Available at: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/evans/ag452-6.html
verified 12/2012

D.Z. Haman, Zazueta, F.S. 2011. Measuring Pump Capacity for Irrigation System Design, University of Florida Extension, Pub CIR1133. Available at: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/AE/AE06700.pdf
verified 12/2012

T. Scherer. 2011. Measuring Pumping Plant Efficiency of a Typical Irrigation System, North Dakota State University Extension, YouTube Video, 14:52 minutes. Available at:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bbcFl15R-mU&noredirect=1
verified 12/2012

Additional Links and Resources
Assuring Efficient Center Pivot Irrigation. DVD. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. To Purchase a copy contact: IANR Video Library, University of Nebraska, P.O. Box 830918, Lincoln, NE 68583-0918, Phone: 402-472-3035.

Center for Irrigation Technology. California State University-Fresno. Available at:
http://cit.cati.csufresno.edu/
verified 12/2012

Irrigation Training & Research Center website, California Polytechnic State University. Available at:
http://www.itrc.org/
verified 12/2012

Irrigation Engineering Publications, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension. Available at:
http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/pages/index.jsp?what=subjectAreasD&subjectAreasId=25
http://lancaster.unl.edu/ag/crops/irrigate.shtml
verified 12/2012

Mobile Irrigation Lab, Kansas State University Extension. Available at:
www.ksre.ksu.edu/mil/
verified 12/2012

M. Morris, Lynne, V. 2006. Energy Savings Tips for Irrigators, Bulletin IP 278, National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. Available at:
https://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub/summaries/summary.php?pub=119
verified 12/2012

M. Morris, Lynne, V. 2006. Maintaining Irrigation Pumps, Motors and Engines, Bulletin IP299, National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. Available at:
https://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub/summaries/summary.php?pub=112
verified 12/2012

SDI in the Great Plains website, Kansas State University Extension. Available at:
http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/sdi/
verified 12/2012

USDA. NRCS Irrigation – National Engineering Handbooks and Manuals, USDA. Available at:
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detailfull/national/water/manage/irrigation/?&cid=stelprdb1045075
verified 12/2012

USDA-NRCS. 1997. Irrigation Guide Handbook. Available at:
http://policy.nrcs.usda.gov/OpenNonWebContent.aspx?content=17837.wba
verified 12/2012

Sanford, S. 2013. Farm Practices to Improve Energy Efficiency: Irrigation. Module 2.4 in S. Lezberg, S. Sanford, and M. Jungwirth (eds). On-farm Energy Conservation and Efficiency. On-line Curriculum. Bioenergy Training Center. http://fyi.uwex.edu/biotrainingcenter

Next Unit: 2.5